As a parent or caretaker of an individual who has special needs, you want to make sure your loved one is taken care of after you are gone.
Here are the ABC’s to establishing a special needs trust on behalf of the individual and funding it with a life insurance policy.
About Special Needs Trusts
A special needs trust is designed to help you leave behind assets with the assurance they will be used to support an individual with special needs. The trust is created to take care of any supplementary needs the individual may have that are not covered by government benefits, without jeopardizing his or her eligibility for need-based benefits.
How Does It Work?
A special needs trust is typically funded with a permanent life insurance policy on the life of the caretaker(s) of the person with special needs.
The cash value in the life insurance policy accumulates on a tax-deferred basis and can be accessed by the trustee on a tax-favored basis, via policy loans.
At the insured’s death, the death benefit is paid to the trust and the trust coordinates the funds with government benefits to provide financial resources for the care and support of the person with special needs. The death benefit of the life insurance policy passes to the trust on an income-tax free basis.
Once the basics of food, shelter, medical care and education are met by the government, the trust can provide additional funds to enhance the quality of life of the person with special needs.
The special needs trust is designed to coordinate with other programs, thereby ensuring the individual remains eligible for state and federal government benefits.
Through a special needs trust, the caregiver can be assured of the future financial security of his or her loved one with special needs.
The cash value from the life insurance grows tax deferred and is accessible during the life of the caregiver via loans.
Proper planning provides for the individual’s continued support, quality of life, and dignity
The strategy will require the assistance of an attorney who specializes in special needs planning, along with your financial professional.
The individual with special needs generally should not be a designated beneficiary of any retirement accounts, life insurance, annuity contracts or brokerage accounts. These financial assets could jeopardize eligibility for government benefits.
When a special needs trust is used, the trust beneficiary cannot have direct access to assets – trust distributions should be at the trustee’s sole discretion.
Life insurance may be needed on the lives of the primary caregiver AND the primary breadwinner, if not the same person.
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